Spinal meningitis is the infection and swelling of the meninges, the membrane that covers the brain and the spinal cord. Apart from the meninges, the cerebrospinal fluid can likewise get infected. If left untreated, the infection can damage the afferent neuron, and trigger neurological problems. The infection is triggered by microorganisms like viruses, bacteria, or fungi.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is typically understood to trigger spinal meningitis in infants, while the other 2 kinds of bacteria are responsible for triggering the disease in grownups.
Let’s Continue This Analysis
Bacteria can directly infect the meninges and the cerebrospinal fluid, or trigger an upper respiratory infection at first then infected the brain through the bloodstream. Viral meningitis is a less serious condition that normally resolves by itself. The viruses related to gastrointestinal conditions are most accountable for triggering the infection. Apart from viruses and bacteria, it can also be caused by fungi. Fungal meningitis is a rare disease that primarily influences people with an weakened body immune system. So, people with AIDS are more vulnerable to this condition.
Infection with streptococcus pneumonia bacteria can cause serious ailment. It is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in the United states. (Meningitis is an infection of the covering of the brain).
It is generally identified with the aid of the lumbar puncture treatment, where a sample of cerebrospinal fluid is drawn and tested for the presence of transmittable agents. Other diagnostic tests include, chest X-ray, CT scans, and bacterial culture.
A severe case needs hospitalization and intravenous fluid administration. The bacterial form of the disease is treated with appropriate antibiotics. The type of antibiotics used for the treatment can differ depending upon the particular strain of the bacteria. In the meantime, if headaches, fever, and seizures become severe, then other medications will be needed to handle these symptoms.
Antibiotics are ineffective for treating the viral form of the disease. The viral form of the disease typically resolves within 2 to 3 weeks without medical intervention. Vaccines are likewise available, especially for the meningitis triggered by haemophilus and Haemophilus bacteria. The haemophilus vaccine can prove efficient in avoiding the disease in kids.
The PCV vaccine very also first provides a child when he is two months in age. This vaccine prevents your baby from being infected with bacteria referred to as of disease. The significant signs and symptoms of this disease are pneumococcal pneumonia and meningitis, both which can cause death. This bacterium is the leading cause of death in the United States by a vaccine-preventable disease.
Untreated and severe meningitis can cause irreversible neurological damage, deafness, loss of vision, brain damage, and shock. Hydrocephalus can likewise happen, if cerebrospinal fluid builds up in the ventricles of the brain. Some kinds of bacterial meningitis are contagious that can spread out through direct contact with the saliva and the nasal discharge of the contaminated individual. So, it is necessary to take some precautionary measures to prevent the transmission of the disease.
There are 2 types of meningitis infections. It can be caused by various types of pathogens, including bacteria and viruses. Viral meningitis is not as severe as the bacterial one, which can be incredibly severe in its consequences, even leading to a death or severe mental retardation.
If not dealt with quickly, it can also trigger hearing loss, as well as mental retardation. There are three types of bacteria that can cause this type of meningitis. They are Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitidis. The infection due to the first type, that is Haemophilus influenzae has been decreased through vaccination. The rest of the 2 bacteria still stay the leading causes.
This Buzzle post is for informational functions only, and need to not be replaced for the recommendations of a physician.